India is a vast, diverse country that is home to over a billion people and boasts a rich cultural history. India is a confluence of important religious belief systems like Hinduism, Jainism, Islam, Christianity, Buddhism, and Sikhism. India prides itself in giving the message of peace and linguistic harmonies of these communities. Located in southern Asia, India houses the legendary monument of love, the Taj Mahal. The Portuguese churches in Go, the pristine Kerala backwaters in the south and the traditional Rajputana carvings in Rajasthan are incredible to visit. Every state has a distinct flavour in its cuisine, language, architecture, lifestyles, and medicine. India is a home to the finest architectural heritage, serene ghats, spectacular landscapes and largest tiger reserve.
Since the independence from the British rule in 1947, India has come a long way in every sphere. with growth and development across sectors, economy, infrastructure, professional services, businesses, pharmaceuticals, medical tourism, hospitality to name a few. As you travel, India offers a range of vast tourism choices, diverse in land and nature, people, tribes, cuisine, faiths, dance forms, music, arts, crafts, adventure, sport, spirituality, history ; even these vary as you journey from one state to another.
As a country, India has achieved all-round socio-economic progress in the last 70 years of independence. The change is clearly visible in the Tier I and Tier II cities. However, the fascinating aspect lies in the stark difference as you travel through the new and old parts of its cities. From world-class airports and hotels, luxurious shopping malls, restaurants, pubs and cafes to overcrowded streets and alleyways, in the same cities, filled with thousands of little shops offering every possible modern and ethnic product and native street food is a fascinating experience.
Facts About India
Indus Valley Civilization
When many cultures were only nomadic forest dwellers over 5000 years ago, Indians established Harappan culture in Sindhu Valley (Indus Valley Civilization).
The Name ‘India’
The name ‘India’ is derived from the River Indus, the valleys around which were the home of the early settlers. The Aryan worshippers referred to the river Indus as the Sindhu.
Chess was invented in India.
Algebra, Trigonometry and Calculus are studies, which originated in India.
The ‘Place Value System’ and the ‘Decimal System’ were developed in India in 100 B.C.
India is the largest democracy in the world, the 7th largest country in the world, and one of the most ancient civilizations.
Ayurveda is the earliest school of medicine known to mankind. The Father of Medicine, Charaka, consolidated Ayurveda 2500 years ago.
Oldest European Church
The oldest European church and synagogue in India are in the city of Cochin. They were built in 1503 and 1568 respectively.
Varanasi, also known as Benaras, was called “the Ancient City” when Lord Buddha visited it in 500 B.C., and is the oldest, continuously inhabited city in the world today.
Yoga has its origins in India and has existed for over 5,000 years.
CLIMATE IN INDIA
During the three months from April to June it is summer in most parts of India.Generally in the month of April, many parts of India experiences high temperature. The normal temperature recorded in this time in generally 30°C. But at some places in the plateau region the temperature rises to 40°C and in the Himalayan mountain region, it remains near about 20°C.
The advent of spring brings us the pleasant sound wind begins to blow. It refreshes our body and mind. The countryside appears to be adorned with green leaves and flowers. Birds sing and bees hum in the flower garden. Trees and creepers are covered with beautiful flowers. Bees hum all day long among them.
The rainy season in India begins generally from the second week of July and continues up to the second week of October. From the second week of June humid monsoon enters various parts of India and causes rainfall everywhere in the state.
During the period from December to February there is winter season in India. During this time clouds and dry North-East Monsoon passes over different regions of India and temperature is decreased considerably. In Himalayan area the temperature is much lower (between 5°C and 10°C). But sometimes cyclone (coming from the West) causes storm and rainfall which is known as Western disturbance.